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* scripts/gitlog-to-changelog: New script. Taken from gnulib. * scripts/git-log-fix: New file. * scripts/git-log-footer: New file. * doc/HACKING: Describe the ChangeLog policy * ChangeLog: New file. * Makefile.am (EXTRA_DIST): Add new files. (gen-ChangeLog): New. (dist-hook): Run gen-ChangeLog. Rename all ChangeLog files to ChangeLog-2011.
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The GNU Privacy Guard 2
THIS IS A DEVELOPMENT VERSION AND NOT INTENDED FOR REGULAR USE.
Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005,
2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
GnuPG is GNU's tool for secure communication and data storage. It can
be used to encrypt data and to create digital signatures. It includes
an advanced key management facility and is compliant with the proposed
OpenPGP Internet standard as described in RFC4880 and the S/MIME
standard as described by several RFCs.
GnuPG is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public
License. See the file COPYING for details. GnuPG works best on
GNU/Linux or *BSD systems. Most other Unices are also supported but
are not as well tested as the Free Unices.
GnuPG 2.0 is the stable version of GnuPG integrating support for
OpenPGP and S/MIME. It does not conflict with an installed 1.4
GnuPG 2.1 depends on the following packages:
You also need the Pinentry package for most function of GnuPG; however
it is not a build requirement. Pinentry is available at
You should get the latest versions of course, the GnuPG configure
script complains if a version is not sufficient.
After building and installing the above packages in the order as given
above, you may now continue with GnuPG installation (you may also just
try to build GnuPG to see whether your already installed versions are
As with all packages, you just have to do
(Before doing install you might need to become root.)
If everything succeeds, you have a working GnuPG with support for
S/MIME and smartcards. Note that there is no binary gpg but a gpg2 so
that this package won't conflict with a GnuPG 1.4 installation. gpg2
behaves just like gpg.
In case of problem please ask on firstname.lastname@example.org for advise.
Note that the PKITS tests are always skipped unless you copy the PKITS
test data file into the tests/pkits directory. There is no need to
run these test and some of them may even fail because the test scripts
are not yet complete.
You may run
to view the default directories used by GnuPG.
MIGRATION FROM 1.4 or 2.0 to 2.1
The major change in 2.1 is that gpg-agent now takes care of the
OpenPGP secret keys (those managed by GPG). The former secring.gpg
will not be used anymore. Newly generated keys are generated and
stored in the agent's key store (~/.gnupg/private-keys-v1.d/). To
migrate your existing keys to the agent you should run this command
gpg2 --import ~/.gnupg/secring.gpg
The agent will you ask for the passphrase of each key. You may use
the Cancel button of the Pinentry to skip importing this key. If you
want to stop the import process and you use one of the latest
pinentries, you should close the pinentry window instead of hitting
the cancel button. Secret keys already imported are skipped by the
import command. It is advisable to keep the secring.gpg for use with
older versions of GPG.
Note that gpg-agent now uses a fixed socket by default. All tools
will start the gpg-agent as needed. In general there is no more need
to set the GPG_AGENT_INFO environment variable. The SSH_AUTH_SOCK
environment variable should be set to a fixed value.
GPG's smartcard commands --card-edit and --card-status as well as some
of the card related sub-commands of --edit-key are not yet fully
supported. However, signing and decryption with a smartcard does
The Dirmngr is now part of GnuPG proper. Thus there is no more need
to install the separate dirmngr package. The directroy layout of
Dirmngr changed to make use of the GnuPG directories; for example you
use /etc/gnupg/trusted-certs and /var/lib/gnupg/extra-certs. Dirmngr
needs to be started as a system daemon.
The complete documentation is in the texinfo manual named
`gnupg.info'. Run "info gnupg" to read it. If you want a a printable
copy of the manual, change to the "doc" directory and enter "make pdf"
For a HTML version enter "make html" and point your browser to
gnupg.html/index.html. Standard man pages for all components are
provided as well. An online version of the manual is available at
http://www.gnupg.org/documentation/manuals/gnupg/ . A version of the
manual pertaining to the current development snapshot is at
GNUPG 1.4 AND GNUPG 2.0
GnuPG 2.0 is a newer version of GnuPG with additional support for
S/MIME. It has a different design philosophy that splits
functionality up into several modules. Both versions may be installed
simultaneously without any conflict (gpg is called gpg2 in GnuPG 2).
In fact, the gpg version from GnuPG 1.4 is able to make use of the
gpg-agent as included in GnuPG 2 and allows for seamless passphrase
caching. The advantage of GnuPG 1.4 is its smaller size and no
dependency on other modules at run and build time.
HOW TO GET MORE INFORMATION
The primary WWW page is "http://www.gnupg.org"
The primary FTP site is "ftp://ftp.gnupg.org/gcrypt/"
See http://www.gnupg.org/download/mirrors.html for a list of mirrors
and use them if possible. You may also find GnuPG mirrored on some of
the regular GNU mirrors.
We have some mailing lists dedicated to GnuPG:
email@example.com For important announcements like new
versions and such stuff. This is a
moderated list and has very low traffic.
Do not post to this list.
firstname.lastname@example.org For general user discussion and
email@example.com German speaking counterpart of
firstname.lastname@example.org Russian speaking counterpart of
email@example.com GnuPG developers main forum.
You subscribe to one of the list by sending mail with a subject of
"subscribe" to firstname.lastname@example.org, where x is the name of the mailing
list (gnupg-announce, gnupg-users, etc.). An archive of the mailing
lists are available at http://www.gnupg.org/documentation/mailing-lists.html
Please direct bug reports to http://bugs.gnupg.org or post them direct
to the mailing list <email@example.com>.
Please direct questions about GnuPG to the users mailing list or one
of the pgp newsgroups; please do not direct questions to one of the
authors directly as we are busy working on improvements and bug fixes.
The English and German mailing lists are watched by the authors and we
try to answer questions when time allows us to do so.
Commercial grade support for GnuPG is available; please see
This file is Free Software; as a special exception the authors gives
unlimited permission to copy and/or distribute it, with or without
modifications, as long as this notice is preserved. For conditions
of the whole package, please see the file COPYING. This file is
distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law; without even the implied
warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.